Unlike the single soul concept in many religions, Daoists do not believe that only one soul exists in every individual. In fact, we believe that an individual is made up of a committee of ten spirits. These ten spirits are divided into Yin and Yang and together they rule over different aspects of the human. The Yang components are called Hun and there are three of them. They are Shuangling, Taiguang and Youjing. Plants are said to possess only one Hun while animals are given two. Having only one Hun gives plants the minimal requirement for existence as a living thing but lacks the power of locomotion and intelligence. With two Hun(s), animals are endowed with the basic intelligence to hunt, breed and avoid danger in order to survive. It is with mankind who have the three Hun(s) and the functions of a highly developed intelligence and consciousness that makes it possible for him to rule over the rest in the ecology. The Yin counterparts on the other hand have seven of them and they are Shigou, Fushi, Queyin, Tunzei, Feidu, Chuhui, and Bichou. They are often associated with the negative aspects of human nature.
Daoists believe that a human life is conceived when the three Hun(s) are merged together. However the fetus is still not fully formed until the seven
Since the universe is made up of the Yang and Yin, it is only natural that the ancients had the concept of a soul with dualistic compositions. As tradition has it, the world in its primordial state consisted of Qi, the energy essence. With the gradual concentration of this Qi, a major part of it started to take Xing (Form) and in the process was given Zhi (Substance). Via the same process, the Hun(s) and
Death occurs when all the three Hun(s) leave our body at the same time. However, if only one or two of them were ousted from the body, the person will immediately fall into a trance-like state since the Hun(s) control our psychological abilities. Such events can happened due to a shocking accident or untimely exposure to powerful Yin energies in places the person had gone before. If the
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